|Winter Photography Techniques
by Joanna Gerber
Gorgeous landscapes, early morning fog lifting off the frozen lake, glistening icicles on
the tree branches.
Winter Photography opportunities meet you at every corner. When your winter
vacation takes you to a secluded, covered in snow, corner of Ontario; where you just discovered that perfect
winter paradise scene. Now you want to get it on film, or store it for latter so you can plaster it all over
your desk top... Or maybe your children build that perfect snowman and you need to make a digital record of
it, so you can show it to their children someday... There are countless reasons to take pictures in winter
time. But winter photography can be tricky; we all heard the horror stories about the underexposed snow
scenes, or foggy lenses... If you are convinced that trying winter photography will only leave you with
less then perfect prints, you dont need to worry.
Winter Photography opportunities meet you at every corner. When your winter vacation takes you to a secluded, covered in snow, corner of Ontario; where you just discovered that perfect winter paradise scene. Now you want to get it on film, or store it for latter so you can plaster it all over your desk top... Or maybe your children build that perfect snowman and you need to make a digital record of it, so you can show it to their children someday... There are countless reasons to take pictures in winter time. But winter photography can be tricky; we all heard the horror stories about the underexposed snow scenes, or foggy lenses... If you are convinced that trying winter photography will only leave you with less then perfect prints, you dont need to worry.
The art of winter photography is no longer reserved for professionals, you too can have exceptional results with your digital or 35mm camera. First things first, if you plan to take spectacular winter landscape photographs, you will need to get yourself and your camera ready for the cold. As with dressing for any other winter outing, it is best to put on layers, as opposed to one bulky piece of clothing. You can always take off layers if the weather changes.
Other things that you need out there, are warm hat and a pair of thin, warm gloves. It is so much easier to take pictures wearing a slim glove and not the fat, bulky one. If you wear thick gloves, it may be nearly impossible to operate your camera, especially if it is a manual focus one. You may need to take the gloves off, exposing your hands to the cold, winter air. Your hands will quickly become cold and stiff and the photo session will be over...
Since you are ready, now we have to take a look at your camera. First thing that will happen when you step outside, will be a fog on your lens. To overcome this, simply wait couple of minutes and let the optics adjust to the temperature. The fog will disappear with time. Please be patient and do not try to wipe it off. You may not only damage the lens, but also smudge it, so when it does adjust to the cold, the smudge will dry up and be impossible to remove on the spot. Didn't I tell you that winter photography may be tricky?
Make sure that your camera is protected from snow and water. If the snowflake lands on your lens it will melt and smudges will form, just like described above. So keep your equipment well protected and covered, if it is snowing outside.
Winter photography requires an equipment that will stand up to freezing temperatures. The film cameras or SLR(Single Lens Reflex) cameras are better choice for outdoor, winter photography, because they have much sturdier parts. The Digital Cameras may fail you in very cold conditions. You may avoid this by keeping the batteries warm or changing them for fresh, warm ones if needed. You can warm up the batteries by holding them in your hand, or in the car.
Winter landscape, beautiful as it may be, is quite difficult to capture. Its just like shooting the high-key studio portrait. Majority of the landscape is white, the background and foreground are bright and the cameras exposure meter will tend to give you the wrong reading, resulting in underexposed shot. In order to avoid this problem it is a good idea to switch to the manual program and take the picture by overexposing it by one stop.
Sometimes the winter will serve up some gray skies and you may think that your pictures will look equally gray and sad. That may not be the case; you have several options in this case. The first would be to use the gray sky to your advantage, that moody color may add more character to your image. You will have a grater opportunity to showcase the full spectrum of the gray scale, visible in the winter sky. When you are finally tired of the gray, try to shoot from such an angle that the sky area is not as visible. Another option is to use a gradual coloring filter to visually change the sky color.
Besides shooting the gray sky, you may consider other choices for your winter photography project.
If you have a dog, take it with you on your winter photography trip. It may surprise you how playful dogs can be in the powdery snow. The picture of the friendly mutts face covered with the white fluffy stuff will make your heart melt. If you lucky enough to be by the water somewhere, make sure to take some shots of the frozen surfaces if its a lake or maybe the spectacular frozen river scene with just a trickle of water coming through onto the cascading stones. Now that's a winter photography clasics, how can you miss that? The country scene with a crooked, old barn surrounded by sparkly branches of low growing bushes covered with ice. Make sure that your scene composition is done in your viewfinder, so it is balanced and perfect, not on your computer. With Digital cameras, and the flexibility of processing that they offer, you have the greater ability to choose the finished format of your photograph. The winter scenery may work well in the wide landscape format. Other options for outdoor winter photography may include horses in the pasture, colorful birds at the feeder, wild animals in the forest...
If you have couple of "empty" days hiding in your daybook , try a Winter Photo Safari and travel in a dog sled no less! Now this, is what I call: FUN! Three days of Winter Wonderland in Algonquin Park... make sure to reserve your spot today, places are limited for this incredible opportunity of discovery and unspoiled beauty.
Still stuck for ideas for winter shots?
Your children will always provide endless array of images that you can work with. Just remember to dress them in layers and let them have fun. Make sure to get down to their level, and get in close. If you are afraid to spoil their fun, or you know that they will be camera shy, step back, use a telephoto lens and a tripod for stability. The final results will be well worth the hassle. If you are lost for choices in winter photography themes, you can always try the close-up shots. The beauty of the frozen patch of grass, sparkling in the sun on the background of glistening snow, may be discovered only through the viewfinder of your camera. So be brave, dress warmly, get out there and shoot, the world of winter photography awaits you!